Monday, 15 August 2016

July, 2012 M4.2-R4: INTRODUCTION TO MULTIMEDIA

July, 2012
M4.2-R4: INTRODUCTION TO MULTIMEDIA

NOTE:
1. There are TWO PARTS in this Module/Paper. PART ONE contains FOUR questions and PART
TWO contains FIVE questions.
2. PART ONE is to be answered in the TEAR-OFF ANSWER SHEET only, attached to the question
paper, as per the instructions contained therein. PART ONE is NOT to be answered in the
answer book.
3. Maximum time allotted for PART ONE is ONE HOUR. Answer book for PART TWO will be
supplied at the table when the answer sheet for PART ONE is returned. However, candidates,
who complete PART ONE earlier than one hour, can collect the answer book for PART TWO
immediately after handing over the answer sheet for PART ONE.

TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS TOTAL MARKS: 100
(PART ONE – 40; PART TWO – 60)

PART ONE
(Answer all the questions)

1. Each question below gives a multiple choice of answers. Choose the most appropriate
one and enter in the “tear-off” answer sheet attached to the question paper, following
instructions therein. (1x10)
1.1 Which of the following has replaced NTSC (National Television System Committee)?
A) ATSC
B) DVI
C) HDTV
D) MPEG2

1.2 Which of following is a painting program and image editing program?
A) Designer
B) FreeHand
C) Illustrator
D) Photoshop



1.3 Which of the following is a codec?
A) DVI
B) H.264
C) MPEG
D) QuickTime

1.4 The scripting language of Flash is called
A) ActionScript
B) ECMAScript
C) JavaScript
D) RunTime

1.5 Which kind of authoring system is Adobe Flash?
A) Card-based
B) Page-based
C) Time-based
D) Icon-based

1.6 SVG stands for
A) standard video graphics
B) serial viewable graphics
C) symmetrical variable graphics
D) scalable vector graphics

1.7 Which of the following statements regarding the MIDI audio format is true?
A) It is difficult to change instruments.
B) Sound tracks can be edited using waveform editors.
C) Files are generally larger than the same digital audio sound.
D) Stretching and changing the sound distorts the quality.

1.8 What is the benefit of having animations rendered at the time when the user views them?
A) They typically can have higher frame rates.
B) They can incorporate more elements.
C) They are usually more realistic.
D) They can be made interactive.

1.9 The individual conceptual elements which are connected in hyperlinked documents are called
A) sites
B) chunks
C) anchors
D) nodes

1.10 How many different colors is a 16-bit image capable of representing?
A) 2
B) 16
C) 256
D) 65,536

2. Each statement below is either TRUE or FALSE. Choose the most appropriate one and ENTER in the “tear-off” sheet attached to the question paper, following instructions therein. (1x10)

2.1 The process of adjusting the volume of a sound to bring it to a standard level is called
quantization.
2.2 Some DVDs have a capacity up to four times that of others, because they have multiple tracks.
2.3 CRT screens draw each frame in two passes.
2.4 Top-quality broadcast cameras and even camcorders may have as many as three CCDs (one for
chrominance, one for luminance, one for synch).
2.5 MP3 files are actually the sound part of MPEG files.
2.6 JPEG image compression works in part by "rounding off" less-important visual information.
2.7 Computer monitors have lesser resolutions than most televisions.
2.8 A color palette is a plate that has multiple colors on it.
2.9 Character Sets displays mappings between byte or byte values and the actual character glyphs
seen on the screen or printer.
2.10 With streaming technology, audio or video files are played as they are downloading, or streaming,
into the computer.
3. Match words and phrases in column X with the closest related meaning/ word(s)/phrase(s)
in column Y. Enter your selection in the “tear-off” answer sheet attached to the question
paper, following instructions therein. (1x10)

                                            X                                           Y

3.1 Multimedia distributed over wires,                    A. multimedia
 glass fiber, or airwaves on a network
 requires large amounts of
3.2 The collection of measurements applied           B. kinematics
to individual characters called
3.3 The K in CMYK stands for                               C. audio data
compression
3.4 The quality of audio is based on the                 D. Framing
 quality of recording and not the device on
which the end user will play the audio,
that’s because digital audio is
3.5 The study of the movement and motion           E. character metrics
 of structures connected with joints is
known as
3.6 An animated object is referred as a(n)             F. Black
3.7 The specialist who makes sure that the           G. .wav
subject matter of an educational project is
well structured and appropriately presented for
the user is a(n)
3.8 In the Clip Art task pane, the standard             H. instructional designer
 extension of an "event" sound such as a
door closing sound is
3.9 Speech encoding is an important                    I. device independent
 category of
3.10 Plugins are software programs that              J. bandwidth
work with your Web browser to display
                                                                              K. animation
                                                                            L. Sprite
                                                                           M. Morphing

4. Each statement below has a blank space to fit one of the word(s) or phrase(s) in the list below. Enter your choice in the “tear-off” answer sheet attached to the question paper, following instructions therein. (1x10)

A. Dithering                       B. Lempel–Ziv (LZ)          C. pixels per inch
D. monochromatic color     E. Custom Animation       F. Effect options
G. Dots per inch                 H. descenders                     I. Windows Media
J. Times new roman           K. svg                                 L. TrueType
M. Color pallet

4.1 The space between lines of text is called ________.
4.2 ________ also occurs when a display monitor attempts to display images specified with more
colors than the monitor is equipped to handle.
4.3 A(n) ________ font is a group of vectorial drawings. They can be scaled with no loss of quality.
4.4 The HTML5 specification includes animations built within a(n) ________ file.
4.5 ________ control the movement for how data appears when a chart is animated.
4.6 If sound effects are added using the ________ task pane, the sound becomes a part of an
animation effect.
4.7 The ________ format is developed by Microsoft.
4.8 The ________ compression methods are among the most popular algorithms for lossless storage.
4.9 In digital measurement, the display resolution would be given in ________.
4.10 A ________ scheme consists of different values (tints and shades) of one single color.

PART TWO
(Answer any FOUR questions)

5.
a) Hypertext and Hypermedia are new ways of presenting and browsing information. What is the
importance of them in multimedia application development? Give the difference between them.
b) Explain some of the issues related to transmission of data on the Internet. Also, list few solution
for addressing these problems.
c) The primary characteristic of a multimedia system is the use of more than one kind of media to
deliver content and functionality. List and explain the basic five Elements of Multimedia system.
(5+5+5)

6.
a) Plug-ins and media players are software programs that allow user to experience multimedia on
the web. Explain the use of Plug-ins and media players in multimedia.
b) To develop the system of multimedia, various hardware/ software components are used. What are
the hardware and software used in development of multimedia systems?
c) The objective of image compression is to reduce irrelevance and redundancy of the image data in
order to be able to store or transmit data in an efficient form. Which are the types of Image
Compression? List the methods of each of the compression type.
(4+5+6)

7.
a) What is sound synthesis? What are the applications of sound synthesis?
b) Explain the term tweening.
c) What do you mean by ‘Consistency of Vision’ in term of multimedia?
d) Define MIDI. List its attribute. Compare and contrast the use of MIDI and digitized audio in
multimedia production.
(3+3+3+6)

8.
a) Which are the different video formats used by HTML to deliver video? Briefly explain each of
them.
b) Give the detailed comparisons of Image File Formats-JPG, TIFF, PNG, and GIF. Which are the
major considerations to choose the necessary image file type?
(7+8)

9.
a) What is morphing? Write the applications of morphing.
b) What is Flash? What are the advantages of using Flash over HTML?
c) List and explain multimedia authoring tools.
(3+6+6)

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