Wednesday, 31 August 2016

A Level July, 2012 A4-R4: COMPUTER SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

A Level July, 2012
A4-R4: COMPUTER SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS TOTAL MARKS: 100
(PART ONE – 40; PART TWO – 60)
PART ONE
(Answer all the questions)
1. Each question below gives a multiple choice of answers. Choose the most appropriate one and enter in the “tear-off” answer sheet attached to the question paper, following instructions therein. (1x10)

1.1 A combinational circuit which performs arithmetic addition of three bits is called
A) Half–adder
B) Full–adder
C) Double–adder
D) None of the above
1.2 Storage capabilities are not provided in
A) ROM
B) RAM
C) Secondary Storage
D) None of the above

1.3 ASCII is a ________ code
A) 6 bit
B) 7 bit
C) 8 bit
D) None of the above
1.4 The transfer of information from a memory word to the outside environment is called
A) Read operation
B) Write operation
C) No operation
D) None of the above
1.5 One bit in the instruction code may be used to
A) Distinguish between direct address and immediate address
B) Distinguish between indirect address and immediate address
C) Distinguish between direct address and indirect address
D) None of the above
1.6 The content of output bus is transferred into one of the registers in control unit of computer
system by
A) Decoder (destination selector)
B) ALU (operation selector)
C) Multiplexer (selector)
D) None of the above
1.7 In Hardware algorithm for multiplication, the sequence counter contains initially
A) Multiplicand
B) Multiplier
C) The number of bits in multiplier
D) None of the above
1.8 In which method of asynchronous data transfer, source unit initiating the transfer does not
know the actual receipt of the data by destination unit and similarly destination unit initiates
transfer, does not know whether data has been placed on the bus.
A) Strobe method
B) Handshake method
C) Serial asynchronous data transfer technique
D) None of the above
1.9 Reduced power consumption and larger storage capacity in single memory chip are
characteristics of
A) Static RAM
B) Dynamic RAM
C) ROM
D) None of the above
1.10 If CS contains ‘1ABCH’ and IP contains ‘234EH’, the address of the instruction to be
executed is
A) 1CF0EH
B) 03E0AH
C) 24F9CH
D) None of the above

2. Each statement below is either TRUE or FALSE. Choose the most appropriate one and ENTER in the “tear-off” sheet attached to the question paper, following instructions therein. (1x10)

2.1 Each combination of the variables in truth table is called minterm.
2.2 A decoder is a combinational circuit which converts binary information from n coded inputs
to exactly 2n unique output.
2.3 Addition of a positive number and a negative number may result overflow.
2.4 The input register INPR and output register OUTR communicate with communication
interface serially and with accumulator AC in parallel..
2.5 PUSH and ADD are examples of Zero – Address Instruction.
2.6 Booth Multiplication algorithm uses binary integer in signed 2’s complementation form.
2.7 For handling Divide Overflow condition, additional flip flop is needed.
2.8 Each peripheral device has associated with it an interface unit.
2.9 Cache memory is placed between main memory and secondary memory.
2.10 Both segments register DS and ES point to the address of data.

3. Match words and phrases in column X with the closest related meaning/word(s)/phrase(s) in column Y. Enter your selection in the “tear-off” answer sheet attached to the question paper, following instructions therein. (1x10)

                             X                                                                                   Y

3.1 Subtraction of binary numbers is done using                       A. Read Only Memory
3.2 Time is same in locating a word in memory                        B. 2’s complements
irrespective of its location.
3.3 16th complement of AB40 is                                               C. Buffer gate
3.4 Used in design of bus system                                               D. Divide overflow
3.5 OperandA OperandB *                                                        E. Multiplexer
3.6 Subtraction of two equal numbers in signed                       F. Random access
magnitude representation
3.7 Quotient register fails to accommodate larger                   G. Reverse Polish notation
than largest quotient possible
3.8 I/O processor                                                                     H. 54C0
3.9 ROM portion of main memory                                          I. +0
3.10 Handling of all transfer of data and addresses on
bus ((8086 machine)
                                                                                                 J. BIU
                                                                                                 K. Bootstrap loader
                                                                                                 L. Divide underflow
                                                                                                M. DMA

4. Each statement below has a blank space to fit one of the word(s) or phrase(s) in the list below. Enter your choice in the “tear-off” answer sheet attached to the question paper, following instructions therein. (1x10)

A. Software                                   B. Exclusive OR                               C. type
D. Signed magnitude                     E. Counter                                       F. De Morgan’s
G. I/O bus                                      H. Op code                                     I. Main memory
J. Character                                    K. Hardware                                    L. String
M. IP

4.1 The invert – AND symbol for NOR gate follows from ________ theorem and from the
convention that small circles denotes complementation.
4.2 A register which goes through a predetermined sequence of states upon application of input
pulses is called ________.
4.3 The addition and subtraction operations can be combined into one common circuit by
including ________ gate.
4.4 During time T3, the control unit determines the ________ of instruction just read from
memory in fetch – decode phase of instruction cycle.
4.5 ________ interrupt is initiated by executing an instruction.
4.6 The ________ representation of number may result two representations of zero.
4.7 ________ consists of data line, address lines and control lines.
4.8 Virtual memory system provides a mechanism for translating program generated addresses
into correct ________ location.
4.9 The offset of instruction in CS is available at ________.
4.10 Extra segment (ES) is used in ________ instructions.
A4-R4 Page 5 of 5 July, 2012
PART TWO
(Answer any FOUR questions)
5.
a) Draw a block diagram of 4 – to – 1 multiplexer and explain its operations by means of
function table.
b) Draw the logic diagram (using NAND gates) of S-R flip flop and give its truth table and
characteristic table.
c) Perform arithmetic operation (+ 42) + (- 13) and (- 42) – (- 13) in binary using 2’s
complement representation for negative number.
(5+6+4)
6.
a) What is half adder? Draw truth table and logic diagram of it. Explain how full adder is
obtained using half adders by drawing logic diagram of it.
b) Write assembly language program segment / pseudo code to evaluate the following
expression:
A + B * ( C + D )
--------------------------------- ,
E
using 0 – address instructions.
c) Define addressing mode. Explain Immediate Addressing and Indirect Addressing mode with
examples.
(8+3+4)
7.
a) Draw the flow chart of Booth algorithm to multiply the number by a number in 2’s
complement. Explain the algorithm by using a numerical example by multiplying 9 by (-4).
b) Draw the diagram of DMA controller. Explain its working.
(8+7)
8.
a) What is Virtual Memory? Give three reasons for using it.
b) Write an assembly language program to find the factorial of number given at NUM and the
result is placed at RESULT. (Both NUM and RESULT are defined as word).
c) Write an assembly language program to count the number of full stop (.) in a message
available at MSG which is of size of 100 characters.
(5+6+4)
9.
a) What do you mean by Cache Memory? Explain direct mapping procedure used in cache
memory.
b) What are the different addressing modes used in Basic Computer? Explain each to the
point.
(9+6)

Back